Ohio Resource Center
NAEP Assessment Item, Grade 4: Solve a multi-step word problem
3, 4
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Professional Commentary

Students must calculate and write the answer to a word problem requiring subtraction of 3-digit numbers. This constructed-response question is a sample test item used in grade 4 in the 2003 National Assessment of Educational Progress (see About NAEP). The URL link (above) takes the user directly to the NAEP test item, with access to performance data by various subgroups of students, a scoring guide, sample student responses, and a discussion of the content on which the item is based. The NAEP website allows users to build their own printable database of test items by clicking on Add Question in the upper right hand corner of the screen. NAEP Reference Number: 2003-4M10, No. 9. (sw)

Ohio Mathematics Academic Content Standards (2001)
Number, Number Sense and Operations Standard
Benchmarks (3–4)
Use relationships between operations, such as subtraction as the inverse of addition and division as the inverse of multiplication.
Grade Level Indicators (Grade 3)
Explain and use relationships between operations, such as: a. relate addition and subtraction as inverse operations; b. relate multiplication and division as inverse operations; c. relate addition to multiplication (repeated addition); d. relate subtraction to division (repeated subtraction).
Add and subtract whole numbers with and without regrouping.
Grade Level Indicators (Grade 4)
Demonstrate fluency in adding and subtracting whole numbers and in multiplying and dividing whole numbers by 1- and 2-digit numbers and multiples of ten.
Principles and Standards for School Mathematics
Number and Operations Standard
Compute fluently and make reasonable estimates
Expectations (3–5)
develop fluency in adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing whole numbers;