Ohio Resource Center
NAEP Assessment Item, Grade 4: Use Subtraction in Problem
3, 4, 5
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Professional Commentary

Students must solve a subtraction word problem that includes extraneous information. They have the option of using a calculator. This multiple-choice question is a sample test item used in grade 4 in the 1996 National Assessment of Educational Progress (see About NAEP). The URL link (above) takes the user directly to the NAEP test item, with access to performance data by various subgroups of students, a scoring key, and discussion of the content on which the item is based. The NAEP website allows users to build their own printable database of test items by clicking on Add Question in the upper right hand corner of the screen. NAEP Reference Number: 1996-4M12, No. 1. (sw)

Ohio Mathematics Academic Content Standards (2001)
Number, Number Sense and Operations Standard
Benchmarks (3–4)
Use a variety of methods and appropriate tools (mental math, paper and pencil, calculators) for computing with whole numbers.
Grade Level Indicators (Grade 3)
Add and subtract whole numbers with and without regrouping.
Grade Level Indicators (Grade 4)
Use a variety of methods and appropriate tools for computing with whole numbers; e.g., mental math, paper and pencil, and calculator.
Demonstrate fluency in adding and subtracting whole numbers and in multiplying and dividing whole numbers by 1- and 2-digit numbers and multiples of ten.
Principles and Standards for School Mathematics
Number and Operations Standard
Compute fluently and make reasonable estimates
Expectations (3–5)
develop fluency in adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing whole numbers;
select appropriate methods and tools for computing with whole numbers from among mental computation, estimation, calculators, and paper and pencil according to the context and nature of the computation and use the selected method or tools.