Ohio Resource Center
Assessments
NAEP Assessment Item, Grade 4: Use Data from a Chart
Discipline
Mathematics
2, 3, 4
Professional Commentary

This item asks students to intrepret data from a chart and then explain their answer. This constructed-response question is a sample test item used in grades 4, 8, and 12 in the 1996 National Assessment of Educational Progress (see About NAEP). The URL link (above) takes the user directly to the NAEP test item, with access to performance data by various subgroups of students, a scoring guide, sample student responses, and a discussion of the content on which the item is based. The NAEP website allows users to build their own printable database of test items by clicking on Add Question in the upper right hand corner of the screen. NAEP Reference Number: 1996-4M10, No. 5. (sw)

Ohio Mathematics Academic Content Standards (2001)
Data Analysis and Probability Standard
Benchmarks (3–4)
B.
Read and interpret tables, charts, graphs (bar, picture, line, line plot), and timelines as sources of information, identify main idea, draw conclusions, and make predictions.
2.
Read, interpret and make comparisons and predictions from data represented in charts, line plots, picture graphs and bar graphs.
4.
Support a conclusion or prediction orally and in writing, using information in a table or graph.
2.
Represent and interpret data using tables, bar graphs, line plots and line graphs.
5.
Propose and explain interpretations and predictions based on data displayed in tables, charts and graphs.
Principles and Standards for School Mathematics
Data Analysis and Probability Standard
Formulate questions that can be addressed with data and collect, organize, and display relevant data to answer them
Select and use appropriate statistical methods to analyze data
Expectations (Pre-K–2)
describe parts of the data and the set of data as a whole to determine what the data show.
Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are based on data
Expectations (Pre-K–2)
describe parts of the data and the set of data as a whole to determine what the data show.
Expectations (3–5)
propose and justify conclusions and predictions that are based on data and design studies to further investigate the conclusions or predictions.